A Digital World and How it Effects Education

Living in a world where we have constant access to technology and the internet influences social, personal and work environments.  We need to recognise that this also has an impact on teachers and students in our education systems.  There is a digital expectancy from students, parents, employers, teachers, government and the wider community as identified by Howell (2011 page 59).  We live in a digital world. (Click the link to view 21st Century Education the impact of technology)

 

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Image sourced 21centech.com

Today’s students are ‘digital natives’ as described by Howell (2012 Chapter 1). They have been born in a time when technology plays a large roll in their everyday lives. Mobile technologies have created a world where we are constantly involved, connected, interactive and life long learners.  We have the convenience and opportunities for connecting to the outside world from the ease of  portable devices. Students today often have a large digital home and personal life, others are disadvantaged due to a digital divide.  Therefore it is necessary to incorporate digital learning into their learning. 

Prensky (2008), identifies that students are often not involved in planning for their learning and educators need to consider 21 century students’ needs when teaching to provide the best learning environments.

 

 

Technology plays a powerful role in supporting learning. Gardner’s (1983) theory that all people have multiple intelligences, demonstrates to educators that we need to be aware not all children learn the same. Constructivist learning theory by Jean Piaget says children learn more effectively through the active design and development of projects meaningful to them (Vogel-Walcutt, Gebrim, Bowers, Carper, & Nicholson,2011). Previously many education systems had a teacher teach at the front, while the children all sat still listening.   The first big technologies in education were the TV’s and projectors that merely “delivered” information straight to students, not unlike a standard lecture, Gardner (2010, paragraph 6).  But technology has changed, todays technology isn’t limited to delivering information, it involves students and expands learning. We can use today’s technology to support the way individual children learn and engage by providing a range of learning experiences. Technology as a tool will support research, ideas and collaboration, and support the way individual children learn and engage by providing a range of learning experiences chosen and developed by educators.   Educators can then offer support and guidance and become facilitators to children’s learning. 

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Click on the above picture to view some helpful hints about technology tools, professional development and resources.

Technology plays an important role in education for todays educators and learners.  Educators need to be aware of their pedagogy, ongoing commitment to professional development and learning as well as their role when incorporating technology.   Students need to be aware that technology is a tool to be utilised for ongoing learning, its purpose is not just entertainment.

 

 

Sources and References

Videos and images unless the source is stated under them are live links and take you to their source, as such they are not required in the reference list.

Gardner, H. (1983) Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York : Basic Books.

Gardner, H. (2010) Can Technology exploit our many ways of knowing. Retrieved from https://howardgardner01.files.wordpress.com/2012/06/can-technology-exploit-our-many-ways-of-knowing1.pdf   

Howell, J. (2012) Teaching with ICT: Digital Pedagogies for Collaboration and Creativity. Victoria: Oxford University Press.

Kuehn, L. (2012, Winter). Manage your digital footprint. Our Schools, our Selves, 21, 67-69. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/docview/1035333926?accountid=10382

Prensky, M. (2008) The 21st Century Digital Learner. Retrieved from http://www.edutopia.org/ikid-digital-learner-technology-2008

Vogel-Walcutt, J. J., Gebrim, J. B., Bowers, C., Carper, T. M., & Nicholson, D. (2011). Cognitive Load Theory vs. Constructivist Approaches: Which Best Leads to Efficient, Deep Learning? Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 27 (2), 133-145. Retrieved from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2729.2010.00381.x/full

 

 

 

Digital Divide in Education

 

Please click on the link to my POWTOON on Digital Divide in Education.

https://www.powtoon.com/c/cIbnIfNvP4N/1/m

 

 

This link contains a list of YouTube video’s relating to What is the Digital Divide in Education.

https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=digital+divide+in+education+

 

Sources and References used in my Powtoon.

Videos and images unless the source is stated under them are live links and take you to their source, as such they are not required in the reference list.

 

Adhikari, J. (2011) The Digital Divide in Education: Impact of ICT Integration on Learning. Retrieved from: http://www.academia.edu/2451611/The_Digital_Divide_in_Education_Impact_of_ICT_Integration_on_Learning

digital divide. (n.d.). Dictionary.com Unabridged. Retrieved October 22, 2016 from Dictionary.com website http://www.dictionary.com/browse/digital-divide

Howell, J. (2012) Teaching with ICT: Digital Pedagogies for Collaboration and Creativity. Victoria: Oxford University Press

InternetLiveStats.com (2016) Internet Users by Country (2016). Retrieved from http://www.internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country/ 

Swan, D. (2016). Australia bridging the digital divide. The Australian.  Retrieved from http://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/technology/australia-bridging-the-digital-divide/news-story/5afc6969cbc199bb48d8c42819fb2a3a

 

 

 

 

 

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Your Identity- there’s more to think about then just internet security.

 

Please Click on the Link to my auditory summation on digital identity and how it relates to education.

http://www.fotobabble.com/m/UGpCTzNYd05FWFk9

 

The following YouTube tutorial video goes into great detail about how to manage your online identity.

 

The following is the written script from my summary:

Whilst we may all have different persona’s social and professional, we all have a digital identity to consider.  Kuehn (2010) advises: If you think that because you do not use the internet that you are safe from a digital identity, then you are mistaken.  Other people can upload information about you without your knowledge or consent.

Educators need to understand and teach students about digital reputations.  Hengstler (2011), says your digital reputation – is constructed in two ways. The first is passive – what others upload and post about you.  The other is active – what you can upload and post.  Being active in maintaining your digital identity plays a crucial role for both educators and students in maintaining their reputations.  If you allow your online image to be reflected by what others upload about you, you have no control regarding your overall image.  Posting your own information gives you control over what you would like others to perceive your image to be and can help to balance any negative information.

It is important for everyone to play an active role in monitoring their online identity. Everything we and others do online is permanent.  Although you may have something taken down, you never know who has made a copy or where else it may be on the internet.  We call this our digital tattoo as described by Cooney (2016) and just like the tattoo we get on our skin, it is permanent. 

Every website, link, password we enter leaves a print on our online histories.  This print is known as a Digital Footprint.  In this digital world educators play an important role in teaching our students not only internet security and safety from others, but also the risks associated with everything we post on the internet.  

Children are accessing digital devices younger and more often, as identified by Holloway, Green and Livingstone (2013).  It is crucial that educators make students aware that their digital identities start from a young age and need to be protected so they won’t have a negative impact on their futures.

 

Some more information

Click here:  Sourced when the page opens click the red dot on the left for more information.

 

 Sources and References.

Videos and images unless the source is stated under them are live links and take you to their source, as such they are not required in the reference list.

Cooney, M. (2016) Parent Info: What is a digital tattoo? Retrieved from http://parentinfo.org/article/what-is-a-digital-tattoo 

Hengstler, J.  (2011) Emerging Technologies and Practices ” Managing digital footprints: Ostriches v. eagles”.  Education for a digital World 2.0 Vol.1.  Retrieved from https://www2.viu.ca/education/faculty_publications/hengstler/EducationforDigitalWorld2.0_1_jh89.pdf

Holloway,D., Green, L. and Livingstone, S. (2013). Zero to eight. Young children and their internet use. LSE, London: EU Kids Online. 8.  Retreived from http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/52630/1/Zero_to_eight.pdf

Kuehn, L. (November/December 2010). Manage your digital footprint. TeacherMagazine 23(10) p. 16. (Online version) http://www.bctf.ca/publications/Newsmag.aspx?id=21807

Final Reflection

When I started this assessment I had never used any of the tools.  Blogs were something that I had merely stumbled upon from time to time, it never occurred to me that they could have a role in teaching and learning.  Marzilli, Hudson (2011) identifies blogs as written by individuals, groups or companies and are used as online journals, diaries, marketing or a collection of posts that relate to things that interest them the most.  After attempting my own blog I can see the benefits of a site that the user can create information about topics using a collaboration of words, links, articles, video’s and pictures.  The fact that the end result will potentially be viewed by others drives the need to create, perform and perfect the information in the blog, but also the ease to revisit from many devices at suitable times makes it a great tool that can be used for many benefits in education.  Knowing others can contribute idea’s, write comments, add opinions can create more opportunities for collaborative learning.

 

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Click on the picture to view an article on blogging in education.

 

I considered myself a digital immigrant as defined by Howell (2014, Chapter 1), but I hadn’t considered how much technology I did use on a day to day basis both socially and professionally and how much that influenced my life.   I had learnt not only how to use the technology, I became more confident and fluent across different mediums.  Technology allowed me to have easier access to being a lifelong learner.   Recognising the impact technology has on my life, I can see how fundamental it is to younger generations everyday world and essential to their learning experiences. I chose my 3 topics on the basis that I felt they were equally related and the most important factors when teaching and learning with technology today.   However, through research I have come to the conclusion that having a Digital Pedagogy is fundamental to the inclusion of ICT in education.   Support for cultivating pedagogical approaches is more critical than the technology use” as found by Lakkala, Ilomaki (2015).

 

Sources and References.

Videos and images unless the source is stated under them are live links and take you to their source, as such they are not required in the reference list.

Howell, J. (2012) Teaching with ICT: Digital Pedagogies for Collaboration and Creativity. Victoria: Oxford University Press

Lakkala,M., Ilomaki, L. (2015). A case study of developing ICT-supported pedagogy through a collegial practice transfer process. Computers and Education, 90, 1-12. http://dx.doi.org.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au/10.1016/j.compedu.2015.09.001

Marzilli, A. H. D. L. (2011). Blogging. : Infobase Publishing. Retrieved from http://www.ebrary.com.dbgw.lis.curtin.edu.au